Wheat is a grass that is commonly farmed for its seed, a cereal grain that is a staple diet all over the world. The genus Triticum has numerous different types of wheat, with common wheat being the most extensively grown.
Wheat has a variety of other benefits for humans. It's utilized in the production of biofuel, beer, and vodka. Wheat is cultivated as a food crop for cattle to a limited extent, and the straw can be utilized as fodder or as a construction material for roofing thatch.
Wheat and barley are thought to be the first cereals to be domesticated. Wheat was domesticated through the selection of mutant forms with tough ears that remained unbroken during harvesting and larger grains as a result of cultivation and repeated harvesting and sowing of the grains of wild grasses.
Depending on the climate, seed type, and soil conditions, wheat takes between 110 and 130 days from planting to harvest. Crop management decisions necessitate knowledge of the crop's stage of development. Spring fertilizer treatments, herbicides, fungicides, and growth regulators, in particular, are commonly used at various periods of plant development.